22 Fisheries Vol. 25, No. 5
The piscicide rotenone, commonly used by fishery managers throughout North America to remove undesirable fish from lakes and streams, is increasingly under attack today by citizens concerned about environmental and human health impacts. In order to continue its use in the future, these concerns must be addressed head-on by fish and wildlife agencies. What is the current status of rotenone use in fish management? Nearly 95,000 kg of rotenone were used as a piscicide in North America during the ten-year period from 1988–1997. Rotenone use in fish management is not new; humans have used it in several forms for centuries to harvest fish for consumption and to manipulate fish communities.